Goals of Eco Friendly Construction


The global climate change is a fact and an immediate action is required if we want to avoid its devastating effects. And it requires action from everyone because everything that reduces the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and pollution of the soil, water and air is helpful. Private homes are estimated to be responsible for about one fifth to one fourth of global carbon dioxide emissions and for that reason eco friendly construction or green building is not just a way of life but it is a necessity.

The main goal of eco friendly construction is to reduce the impact of buildings on the environment at each point of its life-cycle from construction to demolition without affecting the quality of life for their owners. There are several types of green building methods and there are some differences among them that should be taken into account when deciding between different options. All are without a doubt a much better choice than the conventional construction methods and all are incomparably more environmentally friendly because they reduce energy consumption which is the main environmental issue of private homes. You may not increase the carbon dioxide levels directly if having an electricity powered heating and cooling system for instance, however, it is important to be aware that electricity is not as clean source of energy as you may think. About 80% of global electricity is generated from non-renewable sources, in the first place by fossil fuel burning which is known to dramatically increase the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.

All eco friendly construction methods primarily focus on increasing energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption on every step starting at the choice of construction materials. These are often locally produced or grown such as timber from sustainable forests in order to reduce the energy used for transportation as well as due to the aesthetic purposes. Homes built by the use of locally obtained materials blend with the surrounding nature and environment, and create a sense of harmony with the nature.

In addition to saving energy for operation, eco friendly construction pays a lot of attention to the use of environmentally friendly materials and replacing the potentially harmful or hazardous materials with the natural ones. These are not harmful to the environment nor humans which is another goal of eco friendly construction – preserving human health both during construction, use, renovation and demolition. Unlike materials used in conventional building which degrade very slowly and sometimes seriously pollute the soil and underground water, materials used in green building such as making wooden modern staircases and balustrades and flooring, break up relatively quickly and what is the most important of all – do not contaminate the environment nor jeopardize human health.

Many eco friendly construction designs also focus on reduction of water consumption as population growth puts an increased pressure on water supplies which, by the way, are not unlimited. For that reason many green building options emphasize methods and technologies that help reduce water consumption, most often by reuse of waste water for toilet flushing for instance, and collection of rain water for similar uses.